MultiColumnTreeView Features in Windows Forms MultiColumn TreeView

28 Apr 2021 / 6 minutes to read

MultiColumnTreeView contains following features,



SelectionMode defines the ability to select number of nodes at a time, there are three modes.

• Single – Allows the user to select only a single node.

• MultiSelectSameLevel – Allows to multi select only when the multiple nodes are same level.

• MultiSelectAll – Allows to multi select the nodes irrespective of node level.

this.MultiColumnTreeView1.SelectionMode = Syncfusion.Windows.Forms.Tools.MultiColumnTreeView.TreeSelectionMode.MultiSelectAll;
Me.MultiColumnTreeView1.SelectionMode = Syncfusion.Windows.Forms.Tools.MultiColumnTreeView.TreeSelectionMode.MultiSelectAll


SelectedNode property gets the node value when the user selects a node in the MulticolumnTreeView.
This property will be useful when the Selection Mode is Single.

SelectedNode can also be used to set a node as selected.

this.MultiColumnTreeView1.SelectedNode = this.MultiColumnTreeView1.Nodes[0].Nodes[1];
Me.MultiColumnTreeView1.SelectedNode = Me.MultiColumnTreeView1.Nodes(0).Nodes(1)

SelectedNodes is used to get the nodes selected in MultiColumnTreeView, it can be used in all selection modes .

ActiveNode is the node that is being active, it allows to get or set a node as ActiveNode at an instance.

this.MultiColumnTreeView1.ActiveNode = this.MultiColumnTreeView1.Nodes[4].Nodes[1];
Me.MultiColumnTreeView1.ActiveNode = Me.MultiColumnTreeView1.Nodes(4).Nodes(1)

Keyboard and Mouse based selection

Mouse based selection allows the user to select the nodes using mouse drag, simply click on any area in MultiColumnTreeView and drag. All the nodes available in the drag region will be selected .
Use the property ` AllowMouseBasedSelection`, to select the nodes using mouse.

this.MultiColumnTreeView1.AllowMouseBasedSelection = true;
Me.MultiColumnTreeView1.AllowMouseBasedSelection = True


MultiColumnTreeView supports to search the nodes with the keyboard buttons. Simply tap any alphabet in keyboard and MultiColumnTreeView will show the node starting with that alphabet and keep tapping the button to show all the nodes starting with that alphabet.

this.MultiColumnTreeView1.AllowKeyboardSearch = true;
Me.MultiColumnTreeView1.AllowKeyboardSearch = True

Auto Size for columns

MultiColumnTreeView has the support for calculating the width of the Nodes and SubItems by calculating the width of Text and images in it and assigns the largest node width to its column.

It can be done by using the property AutoSizeMode, it has two options None and AllCellsExceptHeader.

  • None – No Auto size to the columns
  • AllCellsExceptHeader – Calculates the nodes width and assigns the width to the column, this option will not calculate width of the header text.
this.multiColumnTreeView1.AutoSizeMode = Syncfusion.Windows.Forms.Tools.MultiColumnTreeView.AutoSizeMode.AllCellsExceptHeader;
Me.multiColumnTreeView1.AutoSizeMode = Syncfusion.Windows.Forms.Tools.MultiColumnTreeView.AutoSizeMode.AllCellsExceptHeader


Undo & Redo

Undo action is used to erase the last change done to the node and takes back to the older state.

Redo is the opposite of Undo, the redo command reverses the Undo and takes the node to the current state. Redo can be performed only after an Undo action.
The actions can be recorded into the history manager such that the undo and redo operations can be performed.

Property Table

MultiColumnTreeView Property Description
HistoryManager To record the actions performed

HistoryManager Method Table

HistoryManager Tool Description
Undo Undo the previous action.
Redo Redo the previous action. Redo action can be performed only after an undo action.


ToolTip & HelpText

Help Text

HelpText is a popup that appears when hovered on any node or SubItem, it will display the information given to that HelpText property.

Assigning help text to a node

this.multiColumnTreeView1.Nodes[0].Node[0].HelpText = "India and New Delhi";
Me.multiColumnTreeView1.Nodes(0).Node(0).HelpText = "India and New Delhi"

Assigning help text to a subItem

this.multiColumnTreeView1.Nodes[0].Node[0].SubItems[1].HelpText = "Capital of India";
Me.multiColumnTreeView1.Nodes(0).Node(0).SubItems(1).HelpText = "Capital of India"



ToolTip is a special control which automatically appears as a popup when a node is partially visible. It displays the total text of the node.



The MultiColumnTreeView performance can be improved with the following properties and methods.


When the SuspendExpandRecalculate property to true, the populating time nearly reduces to half of its original time by recalculating the nodes maximum height while expanding and collapsing.

this.multiColumnTreeView1.SuspendExpandRecalculate = true;
Me.multiColumnTreeView1.SuspendExpandRecalculate = True
MultiColumnTreeView Methods Description
BeginUpdate Calling this method will stop the redraws of the control and makes the node addition faster than normal.
EndUpdate Resumes the painting of the control suspended by BeginUpdate method.

//Add more node here


' Add more node here