Tree Node

TreeView node is structured with expand/collapse arrow, checkbox, image and text as shown in below.

Also TreeView node object holds the following properties.

Properties Data Type Description
checked

Boolean

Checked state of the node

count

Number

Number of child

expanded

Boolean

Expanded state of the node

index

Number

Index of the node

level

Number

Level of the node

id

String

Node id

parentId

String

Parent id of the node

selected

Boolean

Selected state of the node

Get/Set Node Value

TreeView provides a set of options to configure all its properties by setting and getting values at initialization or dynamically.

To get the node value, you can use getNode method as shown in the below code example, in which on button click action the node value has retrieved.
Also you can get the text value of tree node by using getText method.

  • js
  • /// <reference path="tsfiles/jquery.d.ts" />
    /// <reference path="tsfiles/ej.web.all.d.ts" />
    
    module TreeViewComponent {
        $(function () {
            var tree = new ej.TreeView($("#treeView"), {
    
                    fields: {
                        dataSource: [
    
                        {
    
                            id: 1, text: "Item 1",
    
                            child: [
    
                            { id: 4, text: "Item 1.1" },
    
                            { id: 5, text: "Item 1.2" }
    
                            ]
    
                        },
    
                        { id: 2, text: "Item 2" },
    
                        { id: 3, text: "Item 3" }
    
                        ]
    
                    }
    
                });
    
            });
      }
    
            //bind below onClick action to button to get node at button click or else in any action
    
            function onClick() {
                var node = tree.getNode("1");
    
            }

    NOTE

    Existing TreeView instance can be created by jQuery.data() and you can control the API’s of TreeView behavior.

    To edit the node text, you can use updateText method as shown below code example.

  • js
  • //get node object using getNode method
    
            var node = tree.getNode("2");
    
            //sets text to existing node 
    
            tree.updateText(node.id, "updated Item");

    Get Parent Node

    To get current parent node of a particular node, you can use the getParent method as shown in below code example

  • js
  • //create an instance from an existing TreeView.
    
            // only after control creation we can get treeObj otherwise it throws exception.
    
            var node = tree.getParent("4");

    Get Node Index

    To get node index you can use the getNodeIndex as shown in below code example

    You can use getNodeByIndex method to get TreeView node by using index position.

  • js
  • //create an instance from an existing TreeView.
    
            var node = tree.getNode("4");
    
            //gets the index of node 
    
            tree.getNodeIndex(node.id);

    Node Manipulations

    You can perform following operation in tree nodes and the modified node values can be saved in database.

    Add or Remove nodes

    To add/remove nodes programmatically, use addNode and removeNode methods of the TreeView.

  • js
  • //create an instance from an existing TreeView.
    
            tree.addNode(newNode, "2");
    
            //to remove node
    
            tree.removeNode("4");

    You can able to add a new node after or before specific TreeView node by using insertAfter and insertBefore methods.

  • js
  • //create an instance from an existing TreeView.
    
            var newNode = { id: 12, text: "Item 2.2" };
    
            //to add tree node after some element, which having id 2
    
            tree.insertAfter(newNode, "2");
    
            var newNode = { id: 13, text: "Item 2.3" };
    
            //to add tree node before some element, which having id 2
    
            tree.insertBefore(newNode, "2");

    Move node

    You can also achieve cut and paste operation by using moveNode methods.

  • js
  • //create an instance from an existing TreeView.
    
            //to move tree node which having id 5, to child of node which having id 2.
    
            tree.moveNode("5", "2");

    Expand or Collapse node

    Tree nodes can be expanded or collapsed by clicking the expand/collapse icon of the node or in code behind by using the following methods.

    Methods Description

    expandNode



    Expands the node with specified id

    collapseNode



    Collapse the node with specified id

    expandAll



    Expands all the node

    collapseAll



    Collapse all the node

    Also you can get all the expanded nodes index in tree by using getExpandedNodesIndex method, which returns the array of expanded node indices.

    Prevent multiple node expand

    You can able to prevent multiple expand of TreeView nodes by specifying enableMultipleExpand as false.

    For example, if you want to allow only one node to be expanded in TreeView at a time. Refer the sample here.

  • js
  • // Initialize and bind the TreeView with enableMultipleExpand property
    
    /// <reference path="tsfiles/jquery.d.ts" />
    /// <reference path="tsfiles/ej.web.all.d.ts" />
    
    module TreeViewComponent {
    
        $(function () {
            var tree = new ej.TreeView($("#treeView"), {
    
                    enableMultipleExpand: false,
    
                    dataSource: localData,
    
                    fields: {
    
                        id: "id",
    
                        text: "text",
    
                        parentId: "parent"
    
                    }
    
                });
    
            });
    }

    Get updated node collection

    You can get the updated node values after manipulating or editing the node of TreeView to save at server end using getTreeData method. It returns the JSON data represented as in tree with modified structure.

    You can also get the updated data source for remote data binding after performing the operation like editing, selecting/unselecting, expanding/collapsing, checking/unchecking and removing node. You cannot get the updated data source when you perform operation like drag and drop, adding node for remote data binding.

    The updated data source also contains custom attributes if you return these from server.

  • js
  • //create an instance from an existing TreeView.
    
            //to get TreeView data
    
            tree.getTreeData();

    Editing

    You can directly edit the tree node’s text in-place by double-click on the tree node or select the tree node and press F2 key. The editing works only if the allowEditing property is true in TreeView control. When editing is completed by focus out or “enter” key press, the modified node’s text is saved automatically. The nodeEdit event will be triggered whenever edited the TreeView node.
    Also beforeEdit event will be triggered before the TreeView node change into editing mode.

  • js
  • // Initialize and bind the TreeView with allowEditing property
    
    /// <reference path="tsfiles/jquery.d.ts" />
    /// <reference path="tsfiles/ej.web.all.d.ts" />
    
    module TreeViewComponent {
    
        $(function () {
    
            var tree = new ej.TreeView($("#treeView"), {
    
                    allowEditing: true,
    
                    dataSource: localData,
    
                    fields: {
    
                        id: "id",
    
                        text: "text",
    
                        parentId: "parent"
    
                    }
    
                });
    
            });
     }

    Selection

    You can select a specific node by setting index value in selectedNode property or passing node’s id/element to selectNode method.
    To get the selected status of a given TreeView node you have to use isSelected method.
    The nodeClick event will be triggered whenever TreeView node is clicked. The beforeSelect event will be triggered before the TreeView node is selected.
    The nodeSelect/nodeUnselect events will be triggered based on the TreeView node click operations.

  • js
  • // Initialize and bind the TreeView with selectedNode property
    
    /// <reference path="tsfiles/jquery.d.ts" />
    /// <reference path="tsfiles/ej.web.all.d.ts" />
    
    module TreeViewComponent {
    
        $(function () {
            var tree = new ej.TreeView($("#treeView"), {
    
                    selectedNode: 2,
    
                    dataSource: localData,
    
                    fields: {
    
                        id: "id",
    
                        text: "text",
    
                        parentId: "parent"
    
                    }
    
                });
    
                //create an instance from an existing TreeView.
    
                  //to select node
    
                tree.selectNode("4");
    
            });
    }

    Ensure Visibility

    To get the visibility status of the given TreeView node, you can use isVisible method.
    You can ensure the specified tree node is visible by using ensureVisible method, which expands tree nodes and scrolls the TreeView control as necessary.
    Also you can use getVisibleNodes method to get currently visible nodes in TreeView.

  • js
  • /// <reference path="tsfiles/jquery.d.ts" />
    /// <reference path="tsfiles/ej.web.all.d.ts" />
    
    module TreeViewComponent {
    
            var localData = [
    
            { id: 1, text: "Item 1" },
    
            { id: 2, text: "Item 2" },
    
            { id: 3, text: "Item 3" },
    
            { id: 4, text: "Item 4" },
    
            { id: 5, parent: 1, text: "Item 1.1" },
    
            { id: 6, parent: 1, text: "Item 1.2" },
    
            { id: 7, parent: 1, text: "Item 1.3" },
    
            { id: 8, parent: 3, text: "Item 3.1" },
    
            { id: 9, parent: 3, text: "Item 3.2" },
    
            { id: 10, parent: 5, text: "Item 1.1.1" }
    
            ];
    
        $(function () {
            var tree = new ej.TreeView($("#treeView"), {
    
                    fields: { dataSource: localData, id: "id", parentId: "parent", text: "text" }
    
                });
    
            });
    }
    
            function onClick() {
    
                //create an instance from an existing TreeView.
    
                tree.ensureVisible("10");
    
            }