Convert PowerPoint to Image in Blazor

12 Oct 202315 minutes to read

Syncfusion PowerPoint is a .NET Core PowerPoint library used to create, read, edit and convert PowerPoint presentation programmatically without Microsoft PowerPoint or interop dependencies. Using this library, you can convert a PowerPoint to image in Blazor.

Server app

Step 1: Create a new C# Blazor Server app project. Select Blazor App from the template and click the Next button.

Create ASP.NET Core Web application in Visual Studio for Blazor PowerPoint presentation

Step 2: Now, the project configuration window will popup. Click Create button to create a new project with the required project name.

Create a project name for your new project

Step 3: Choose Blazor Server App and click Create button to create a new Blazor Server app for .NET Core 3.0.0-preview9.

Select .NET Core, ASP.NET Core 3.0 and Blazor server_side.

Step 4: Install the Syncfusion.PresentationRenderer.Net.Core NuGet package as reference to your .NET Standard applications from NuGet.org.

Install Syncfusion.PresentationRenderer.Net.Core Nuget Package

NOTE

Starting with v16.2.0.x, if you reference Syncfusion assemblies from trial setup or from the NuGet feed, you also have to add “Syncfusion.Licensing” assembly reference and include a license key in your projects. Please refer to this link to know about registering Syncfusion license key in your application to use our components.

Step 5: Create a razor file with name as Presentation under Pages folder and include the following namespaces in the file.

@page "/presentation"
@using System.IO;
@using Convert_PowerPoint_Presentation_to_Image;
@inject Convert_PowerPoint_Presentation_to_Image.Data.PresentationService service
@inject Microsoft.JSInterop.IJSRuntime JS

Step 6: Add the following code to create a new button.

<h2>Syncfusion PowerPoint (Presentation) library</h2>
<p>Syncfusion PowerPoint (Presentation) library is used to create, read, edit, and convert PowerPoint files in your applications without Microsoft Office dependencies.</p>
<button class="btn btn-primary" @onclick="@ConvertPPTXtoImage">Convert PPTX to Image</button>

Step 7: Add the following code in Presentation.razor file to convert PowerPoint to image and download the image file.

@code {
    MemoryStream documentStream;
    /// <summary>
    /// Download the image file.
    /// </summary>
    protected async void ConvertPPTXtoImage()
    {
        documentStream = service.ConvertPPTXtoImage();
        await JS.SaveAs("PPTXtoImage.Jpeg", documentStream.ToArray());
    }
}

Step 8: Create a new cs file with name as PowerPointService under Data folder and include the following namespaces in the file.

using Syncfusion.Presentation;
using Syncfusion.PresentationRenderer;

Step 9: Create a new MemoryStream method with name as ConvertPPTXtoImage in PowerPointService class and include the following code snippet to convert a PowerPoint to image in Blazor Server app.

//Open the file as Stream.
using (FileStream sourceStreamPath = new FileStream(@"wwwroot/Input.pptx", FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read, FileShare.ReadWrite))
{
    //Open the existing PowerPoint presentation with loaded stream.
    using (IPresentation pptxDoc = Presentation.Open(sourceStreamPath))
    {
        //Initialize the PresentationRenderer to perform image conversion.
        pptxDoc.PresentationRenderer = new PresentationRenderer();
        //Convert PowerPoint slide to image as stream.
        using (Stream stream = pptxDoc.Slides[0].ConvertToImage(ExportImageFormat.Jpeg))
        {
            //Save the converted image file to MemoryStream.
            MemoryStream Stream = new MemoryStream();
            stream.CopyTo(Stream);
            Stream.Position = 0;
            //Download image file in the browser.
            return Stream;
        }
    }
}

Step 10: Create a new class file in the project, with name as FileUtils and add the following code to invoke the JavaScript action to download the file in the browser.

public static class FileUtils
{
    public static ValueTask<object> SaveAs(this IJSRuntime js, string filename, byte[] data)
        => js.InvokeAsync<object>(
             "saveAsFile",
             filename,
             Convert.ToBase64String(data));
}

Step 11: Add the following JavaScript function in the _Host.cshtml in the Pages folder.

<script type="text/javascript">
    function saveAsFile(filename, bytesBase64) 
    {
        if (navigator.msSaveBlob) 
        {
            //Download document in Edge browser
            var data = window.atob(bytesBase64);
            var bytes = new Uint8Array(data.length);
            for (var i = 0; i < data.length; i++) {
                bytes[i] = data.charCodeAt(i);
            }
            var blob = new Blob([bytes.buffer], { type: "application/octet-stream" });
            navigator.msSaveBlob(blob, filename);
        }
        else 
        {
            var link = document.createElement('a');
            link.download = filename;
            link.href = "data:application/octet-stream;base64," + bytesBase64;
            document.body.appendChild(link); // Needed for Firefox
            link.click();
            document.body.removeChild(link);
        }
    }
</script>

You can download a complete working sample from GitHub.

By executing the program, you will get the image as follows.

PowerPoint to Image in Blazor server app

Click here to explore the rich set of Syncfusion PowerPoint Library (Presentation) features.

An online sample link to convert PowerPoint Presentation to image in Blazor.

WASM app

Step 1: Create a new C# Blazor WASM app project. Select Blazor App from the template and click the Next button.

Create ASP.NET Core Web application in Visual Studio for Blazor PowerPoint presentation

Step 2: Now, the project configuration window will popup. Click Create button to create a new project with the required project name.

Create a project name for your new project

Step 3: Choose Blazor WebAssembly App and click Create button to create a new Blazor WASM app for .NET Core 3.0.0-preview9.

Select .NET Core, ASP.NET Core 3.0 and Blazor server_side.

Step 4: Install the following Nuget packages in your application from Nuget.org.

Install Syncfusion.PresentationRenderer.Net.Core Nuget Package

Install SkiaSharp.NativeAssets.WebAssembly v2.88.6 Nuget Package

NOTE

Starting with v16.2.0.x, if you reference Syncfusion assemblies from trial setup or from the NuGet feed, you also have to add “Syncfusion.Licensing” assembly reference and include a license key in your projects. Please refer to this link to know about registering Syncfusion license key in your application to use our components.

Step 5: Add the following ItemGroup tag in the Blazor WASM csproj file.

<ItemGroup>
<NativeFileReference Include="$(SkiaSharpStaticLibraryPath)\2.0.23\*.a" />
</ItemGroup>

NOTE

Install this wasm-tools and wasm-tools-net6 by using the “dotnet workload install wasm-tools” and “dotnet workload install wasm-tools-net6” commands in your command prompt respectively if you are facing issues related to Skiasharp during runtime.

Step 6: Enable the following property in the Blazor WASM csproj file.

<PropertyGroup>
    <WasmNativeStrip>true</WasmNativeStrip>
</PropertyGroup>

Step 7: Create a razor file with name as Presentation under Pages folder and add the following namespaces in the file.

@page "/presentation"
@inject Microsoft.JSInterop.IJSRuntime JS
@inject HttpClient client
@using System.IO
@using Syncfusion.Presentation
@using Syncfusion.PresentationRenderer

Step 8: Add the following code to create a new button.

<h2>Syncfusion PowerPoint library (Essential Presentation)</h2>
<p>Syncfusion Blazor PowerPoint library (Essential Presentation) used to create, read, edit, and convert PowerPoint files in your applications without Microsoft Office dependencies.</p>
<button class="btn btn-primary" @onclick="@PPTXToImage">Convert PPTX to image</button>

Step 9: Create a new async method with name as PPTXToImage and include the following code snippet to convert a PowerPoint to image in Blazor WASM app.

//Input data file is inside the wwwroot folder.
using (Stream inputStream = await client.GetStreamAsync("sample-data/Input.pptx"))
{
    //Open an existing PowerPoint Presentation file.
    using (IPresentation pptxDoc = Syncfusion.Presentation.Presentation.Open(inputStream))
    {
        //Initialize the PresentationRenderer to perform image conversion.
        pptxDoc.PresentationRenderer = new PresentationRenderer();
        //Convert the entire Presentation to images.
        Stream[] imageStreams = pptxDoc.RenderAsImages(ExportImageFormat.Jpeg);
        for (int i = 0; i < imageStreams.Length; i++)
        {
            imageStreams[i].Position = 0;
            //Download image file in the browser.
            await JS.SaveAs("PPTXToImage_" + i + ".jpeg", (imageStreams[i] as MemoryStream).ToArray());
        }
    }
}

Step 10: To download the PowerPoint presentation in browser, create a class file with FileUtils name and add the following code to invoke the JavaScript action to download the file in the browser.

public static class FileUtils
{
    public static ValueTask<object> SaveAs(this IJSRuntime js, string filename, byte[] data)
         => js.InvokeAsync<object>(
            "saveAsFile",
            filename,
            Convert.ToBase64String(data));
}

Step 11: Add the following JavaScript function in the Index.html file present under wwwroot.

<script type="text/javascript">
    function saveAsFile(filename, bytesBase64) {
        if (navigator.msSaveBlob) {
            //Download document in Edge browser
            var data = window.atob(bytesBase64);
            var bytes = new Uint8Array(data.length);
            for (var i = 0; i < data.length; i++) {
                bytes[i] = data.charCodeAt(i);
            }
            var blob = new Blob([bytes.buffer], { type: "application/octet-stream" });
            navigator.msSaveBlob(blob, filename);
        }
        else {
            var link = document.createElement('a');
            link.download = filename;
            link.href = "data:application/octet-stream;base64," + bytesBase64;
            document.body.appendChild(link); // Needed for Firefox
            link.click();
            document.body.removeChild(link);
        }
    }
</script>

You can download a complete working sample from GitHub.

By executing the program, you will get the image as follows.

PowerPoint to Image in Blazor WASM app

NOTE

Even though PowerPoint library works in WASM app, it is recommended to use server deployment. Since the WASM app deployment increases the application payload size. You can also explore our Blazor PowerPoint library demo that shows how to create and modify PowerPoint files from C# with just five lines of code.

Click here to explore the rich set of Syncfusion PowerPoint Library (Presentation) features.

An online sample link to convert PowerPoint Presentation to image in Blazor.