Getting started

Creating a simple application with pivot tree map and OLAP data source (client mode)

This section covers the information required to populate a simple pivot tree map with the OLAP data completely on the client-side.

Scripts and CSS references

Create an HTML page and add scripts and style sheets that are required to render a pivot tree map widget which are highlighted below in an appropriate order:

  1. ej.web.all.min.css
  2. jQuery-3.0.0.min.js
  3. ej.web.all.min.js
  4. jsrender.min.js

Initialize pivot tree map

Place a “div” tag in the HTML page which acts as a container for the pivot tree map widget. Then, initialize the widget by using the “ejPivotTreeMap” method.

  • html
  • <!DOCTYPE html> 
    <html> 
    <head> 
        <title>PivotTreeMap - Getting Started</title> 
        <link href="http://cdn.syncfusion.com/18.3.0.35/js/web/flat-azure/ej.web.all.min.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
        <script src="http://cdn.syncfusion.com/js/assets/external/jquery-3.0.0.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
        <script src="http://cdn.syncfusion.com/18.3.0.35/js/web/ej.web.all.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
        <script src="http://cdn.syncfusion.com/js/assets/external/jsrender.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
    </head> 
    <body> 
        <! --Create a tag which acts as a container for ejPivotTreeMap widget. --> 
        <div id="PivotTreeMap1" style="min-height: 275px; min-width: 525px; height: 460px; width: 99%;"> </div> 
        <script type="text/javascript"> 
            $(function () { 
                //Set properties and initialize ejPivotTreeMap widget. 
                $("#PivotTreeMap1").ejPivotTreeMap(); 
            }); 
        </script> 
    </body> 
    </html>

    Populate pivot tree map with data source

    Initialize the OLAP data source for the pivot tree map widget as shown below:

  • html
  • <html> 
    
    //……
    
    <body> 
        <div id="PivotTreeMap1" style=" min-height: 275px; min-width: 525px; height: 460px; width: 99%;"> </div> 
        <script type="text/javascript"> 
            $(function() { 
                $("#PivotTreeMap1").ejPivotTreeMap({ 
                    dataSource: { 
                        data: "http://bi.syncfusion.com/olap/msmdpump.dll", 
                        catalog: "Adventure Works DW 2008 SE", 
                        cube: "Adventure Works", 
                        rows: [{ 
                            fieldName: "[Customer].[Customer Geography]" 
                        }], 
                        columns: [{ 
                            fieldName: "[Date].[Fiscal]" 
                        }], 
                        values: [{ 
                            measures: [{ 
                                fieldName: "[Measures].[Customer Count]", 
                            }],
                            axis: "columns" 
                    }] 
                } 
            }); 
        }); 
    </script>
    
        <!--Tooltip labels can be localized here-->
        <script id="tooltipTemplate" type="application/jsrender">
            <div style="background:White; color:black; font-size:12px; font-weight:normal; border: 1px solid #4D4D4D; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 2px; margin-right: 25px; min-width: 110px;padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; padding-bottom: 2px ;width: auto; height: auto;">
                <div>Measure(s) : </div><div>Row : </div><div>Column : </div><div>Value : </div>
            </div>
        </script>   
    </body> 
    </html>

    The above code will generate a simple pivot tree map showing customer count over different customer geographic locations across a period of fiscal years.

    The following table will explain the OLAP dataSource properties at client-side in detail:

    Properties Description

    cube

    Contains the respective cube name from OLAP database as string type.

    sourceInfo

    To set the data source name to fetch data from that.

    providerName

    Sets the provider name for PivotTreeMap to identify whether the provider is SSAS or Mondrian.

    data

    Provides the raw data source for the PivotTreeMap.

    catalog

    In connection with an OLAP database, this property contains the database name as string to fetch the data from the given connection string.

    columns

    Lists out the items to be displayed as series of PivotTreeMap.
    Properties Description

    fieldName

    Allows the user to bind the item by using its unique name as field name.

    isNamedSets

    Allows the user to indicate whether the added item is a named set or not.

    filterItems

    Applies filter to the field members.
    Properties Description

    values

    Contains the collection of items to be excluded among the field members.

    rows

    Lists out the items to be displayed as segments of PivotTreeMap.
    Properties Description

    fieldName

    Allows the user to bind the item by using its unique name as field name.

    isNamedSets

    Allows the user to indicate whether the added item is a named set or not.

    filterItems

    Applies filter to the field members.
    Properties Description

    values

    Contains the collection of items to be excluded among the field members.

    filters

    Lists out the items which supports filtering of values without displaying the members in UI in PivotTreeMap.
    Properties Description

    fieldName

    Allows the user to bind the item by using its unique name as field name.

    filterItems

    Applies filter to the field members.
    Properties Description

    values

    Contains the collection of items to be excluded among the field members.

    values

    Lists out the items supports calculation in PivotTreeMap.
    Properties Description

    axis

    Allows you to set the axis name to place measures items.

    measures

    This holds the list of unique names of measures to bind them from the OLAP cube. </td> </tr>
    Property Description

    fieldName

    Allows the user to bind the measure from OLAP datasource by using its unique name as field name.

    Creating a simple application with pivot tree map and OLAP data source (server mode)

    This section covers the information required to create a simple pivot tree map bound to the OLAP data source.

    NOTE

    This section is illustrated by creating a simple web application through the Visual Studio IDE, since the pivot tree map can also act as a server-side control with .NET dependency. The web application contains an HTML page and a service that will transfer the data to server-side, process it, and return it to client-side for control re-rendering. The service utilized for communication can be either the WCF or WebAPI based on user requirement. Here, both are illustrated for user convenience.

    Project initialization

    Create a new ASP.NET Empty Web Application by using the Visual Studio IDE and name the project “PivotTreeMapDemo.”

    Next, you can add an HTML page. To add an HTML page in your web application, right-click the project in the solution explorer and select Add > New Item. In the Add New Item window, select HTML Page and name it “GettingStarted.html,” and then click Add.

    Now, you can set the “GettingStarted.html” page as start-up page. To do so, right-click the “GettingStarted.html” page and select “Set As Start Page”.

    Scripts and CSS initialization

    The scripts and style sheets that are required to render a pivot tree map widget in the HTML page are highlighted below in an appropriate order:

    1. ej.web.all.min.css
    2. jQuery-3.0.0.min.js
    3. ej.web.all.min.js
    4. jsrender.min.js

    The scripts and style sheets listed above can be found in any of the following locations:

    Local disk: Click here to know more about script and style sheets installed on the local machine.

    CDN link: Click here to know more about script and style sheets available in online.

    NuGet package: Click here to know more about script and style sheets available in the NuGet package.

    Control initialization

    To initialize a pivot tree map widget, first you can define a “div” tag with an appropriate “id” attribute which acts as a container for the pivot tree map widget. Then, you can initialize the widget by using ejPivotTreeMap method.

  • html
  • <!DOCTYPE html> 
    <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
    <head> 
        <title>PivotTreeMap - Getting Started</title> 
        <link href="http://cdn.syncfusion.com/18.3.0.35/js/web/flat-azure/ej.web.all.min.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
        <script src="http://cdn.syncfusion.com/js/assets/external/jquery-3.0.0.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
        <script src="http://cdn.syncfusion.com/18.3.0.35/js/web/ej.web.all.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
        <script src="http://cdn.syncfusion.com/js/assets/external/jsrender.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
    </head> 
    <body> 
        <form id="form1" runat="server"> 
            <div>
                <! --Create a tag which acts as a container for ejPivotTreeMap widget. --> 
                <div id="PivotTreeMap1" style="min-height: 275px; min-width: 525px; height: 460px; width: 99%;"> </div> 
                <script type="text/javascript"> 
                    //Set properties and initialize ejPivotTreeMap widget. 
                    $(function () 
                    { 
                        $("#PivotTreeMap1").ejPivotTreeMap(
                        { 
                            url: "/Olap" 
                        });
                    }); 
                </script>
    
            <!--Tooltip labels can be localized here-->
            <script id="tooltipTemplate" type="application/jsrender">
                <div style="background:White; color:black; font-size:12px; font-weight:normal; border: 1px solid #4D4D4D; white-space: nowrap;border-radius: 2px; margin-right: 25px; min-width: 110px;padding-right: 5px; padding-left: 5px; padding-bottom: 2px ;width: auto; height: auto;">
                    <div>Measure(s) : </div><div>Row : </div><div>Column : </div><div>Value : </div>
                </div>
            </script>   
            </div> 
        </form>
    </body> 
    </html>

    The url property in the pivot tree map widget points the service endpoint, where the data is processed and fetched in the form of JSON. The service used for the pivot tree map widget as endpoint are WCF and WebAPI.

    NOTE

    The above “GettingStarted.html” contains WebAPI url, which is “/Olap”. If you are using the WCF service then the url will look like “/OlapService.svc”.

    Register the referenced assemblies in “Web.config” file available at the root of the application.

  • xml
  • <compilation debug="true" targetFramework="4.5.1">
        <assemblies> 
            …… 
            ……
            <add assembly="Syncfusion.EJ, Version= 18.3450.0.35, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=3d67ed1f87d44c89" />
            <add assembly="Syncfusion.EJ.Pivot, Version= 18.3450.0.35, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=3d67ed1f87d44c89" />
            <add assembly="Syncfusion.EJ.Export, Version= 18.3450.0.35, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=3d67ed1f87d44c89" />
            <add assembly="Syncfusion.Linq.Base, Version= 18.3450.0.35, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=3d67ed1f87d44c89" />
            <add assembly="Syncfusion.Olap.Base, Version= 18.3450.0.35, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=3d67ed1f87d44c89" />
            <add assembly="Syncfusion.Compression.Base, Version= 18.3450.0.35, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=3d67ed1f87d44c89" /> 
            <add assembly="Syncfusion.PivotAnalysis.Base, Version= 18.3450.0.35, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=3d67ed1f87d44c89" /> 
            <add assembly="Syncfusion.Pdf.Base, Version= 18.3450.0.35, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=3d67ed1f87d44c89" />
            <add assembly="Syncfusion.XlsIO.Base, Version= 18.3450.0.35, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=3d67ed1f87d44c89" />
            <add assembly="Syncfusion.DocIO.Base, Version= 18.3450.0.35, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=3d67ed1f87d44c89" /> 
        </assemblies>
    </compilation>

    WebAPI

    Adding a WebAPI controller

    To add a WebAPI controller in your existing web application, right-click the project in the solution explorer and select Add > New Item. In the Add New Item window, select WebAPI Controller Class and name it “OlapController.cs”, and then click Add.

    The WebAPI controller is added to your application, which, in-turn, comprises the following file. The utilization of this file will be explained in the following sections:

    • OlapController.cs

    NOTE

    While adding the WebAPI controller class, add the mandatory suffix “Controller”. For example, in the demo, the controller is named as “OlapController”.

    Next, remove all the existing methods such as “Get”, “Post”, “Put”, and “Delete” present in the OlapController.cs file.

  • c#
  • namespace PivotTreeMapDemo 
    { 
        public class OlapController : ApiController 
        { 
            
        } 
    }

    List of dependency libraries

    Next, you can add the below mentioned dependency libraries to your web application. These libraries can be found in the GAC (Global Assembly Cache).

    To add them to your web application, right-click References in the solution explorer and select Add Reference. In the Reference Manager dialog, under Assemblies > Extension, the following Syncfusion libraries are found.

    NOTE

    If you have installed any version of SQL Server Analysis Service (SSAS) or Microsoft ADOMD.NET utility, then the location of Microsoft.AnalysisServices.AdomdClient library is [system drive:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft.NET\ADOMD.NET]. If you have installed any version of Essential Studio, then the location of Syncfusion libraries is [system drive:\Program Files (x86)\Syncfusion\Essential Studio\18.3.0.35\Assemblies].

    • Microsoft.AnalysisServices.AdomdClient
    • Syncfusion.Compression.Base
    • Syncfusion.Linq.Base
    • Syncfusion.Olap.Base
    • Syncfusion.PivotAnalysis.Base
    • Syncfusion.EJ
    • Syncfusion.EJ.Export
    • Syncfusion.EJ.Pivot

    List of namespaces

    Following are the list of namespaces to be added on top of the main class in the OlapController.cs file.

  • c#
  • using System.Web;
    using System.Collections.Generic;
    using System.Configuration;
    using System.Linq;
    using System.Net;
    using System.Net.Http;
    using System.Web.Http;
    using System.Web.Script.Serialization;
    using Syncfusion.Olap.Manager;
    using Syncfusion.Olap.Reports;
    using Syncfusion.JavaScript;
    using OLAPUTILS = Syncfusion.JavaScript.Olap;
    
    namespace PivotTreeMapDemo
    {
        public class OlapController : ApiController
        {
    
        }
    }

    Data source initialization

    Now, the connection string to connect the OLAP cube and pivot tree map instances is created immediately in the main class of the OlapController.cs file.

  • c#
  • namespace PivotTreeMapDemo
    {
        public class OlapController : ApiController
        {
            PivotTreeMap htmlHelper = new PivotTreeMap();
            string connectionString = "Data Source=http://bi.syncfusion.com/olap/msmdpump.dll; Initial Catalog=Adventure Works DW 2008 SE;";
            //Other codes
        }
    }

    Service methods in WebAPI controller

    Now, you can define the service methods in the OlapController class, find in the OlapController.cs file which was created while adding the WebAPI controller class to your web application.

  • c#
  • namespace PivotTreeMapDemo 
    { 
        public class OlapController : ApiController
        {
            PivotTreeMap htmlHelper = new PivotTreeMap(); 
            string connectionString = "Data Source=http://bi.syncfusion.com/olap/msmdpump.dll; Initial Catalog=Adventure Works DW 2008 SE;";
            
            [System.Web.Http.ActionName("InitializeTreeMap")]
            [System.Web.Http.HttpPost]
            public Dictionary<string, object> InitializeTreeMap(Dictionary<string, object> jsonResult)
            {
                OlapDataManager DataManager = null;
                DataManager = new OlapDataManager(connectionString);
                DataManager.SetCurrentReport(CreateOlapReport());
                return htmlHelper.GetJsonData(jsonResult["action"].ToString(), DataManager);
            }
            [System.Web.Http.ActionName("DrillTreeMap")]
            [System.Web.Http.HttpPost]
            public Dictionary<string, object> DrillTreeMap(Dictionary<string, object> jsonResult)
            {
                OlapDataManager DataManager = new OlapDataManager(connectionString);
                DataManager = new OlapDataManager(connectionString);
                DataManager.SetCurrentReport(OLAPUTILS.Utils.DeserializeOlapReport(jsonResult["olapReport"].ToString()));
                return htmlHelper.GetJsonData(jsonResult["action"].ToString(), DataManager, jsonResult["drillInfo"].ToString());
            }
    
            private OlapReport CreateOlapReport()
            {
                OlapReport olapReport = new OlapReport();
                olapReport.Name = "Default Report";
                olapReport.CurrentCubeName = "Adventure Works";
    
                DimensionElement dimensionElementColumn = new DimensionElement();
                //Specifying the Name for the Dimension Element
                dimensionElementColumn.Name = "Date";
                dimensionElementColumn.AddLevel("Fiscal", "Fiscal Year");
    
                MeasureElements measureElementColumn = new MeasureElements();
                //Specifying the Name for the Measure Element
                measureElementColumn.Elements.Add(new MeasureElement { Name = "Customer Count" });
    
                DimensionElement dimensionElementRow = new DimensionElement();
                //Specifying the Dimension Name
                dimensionElementRow.Name = "Customer";
                dimensionElementRow.AddLevel("Customer Geography", "Country");
                DimensionElement dimensionElementRow1 = new DimensionElement();
    
                ///Adding Row Members
                olapReport.SeriesElements.Add(dimensionElementRow);
                ///Adding Column Members
                olapReport.CategoricalElements.Add(dimensionElementColumn);
                ///Adding Measure Element
                olapReport.CategoricalElements.Add(measureElementColumn);
                return olapReport;
            }
        }
    }

    Configure routing in global application class

    To add a Global.asax in your existing web application, right-click the project in the solution explorer and select Add > New Item. In the Add New Item window, select Global Application Class and name it “Global.asax”, and then click Add.

    After adding the Global.asax file, immediately add the namespace “using System.Web.Http;” and then configure the routing as shown in the following code example:

  • c#
  • public class Global : System.Web.HttpApplication
        {
            protected void Application_Start(object sender, EventArgs e)
            {
                System.Web.Http.GlobalConfiguration.Configuration.Routes.MapHttpRoute(
                    name: "DefaultApi",
                    routeTemplate: "{controller}/{action}/{id}",
                    defaults: new { id = RouteParameter.Optional });
                AppDomain.CurrentDomain.SetData("SQLServerCompactEditionUnderWebHosting", true);
            }
    }

    Now, the pivot tree map is rendered with customer count over different customer geographic locations across a period of fiscal years.

    WCF

    This section demonstrates the utilization of the WCF service as endpoint binding the OLAP data source to a simple pivot tree map. For more details on this topic, click here.