MVVM in WPF TreeGrid (SfTreeGrid)

This section explains various MVVM requirements using SfTreeGrid.

Bind the SelectedItem property of treegrid

You can bind the SelectedItem  property directly to treegrid by setting the SfTreeGrid.SelectedItem property.

<syncfusion:SfTreeGrid Name="treeGrid" 
                               Grid.Row="1" 
                               ChildPropertyName="ReportsTo"  
                               AutoExpandMode="AllNodesExpanded"
                               ShowRowHeader="True" 
                               SelectedItem="{Binding SelectedItem, Mode=TwoWay, UpdateSourceTrigger=PropertyChanged}"
                               AutoGenerateColumns="False"
                               ItemsSource="{Binding Employees}"
                               ParentPropertyName="ID"
                               SelfRelationRootValue="-1"/>

Whenever the SelectedItem is changed, the ViewModel property will get notified.

public class ViewModel: NotificationObject
{
    private object selectedItem;
    public object SelectedItem
    {
        get
        {
           return selectedItem;
        }
        set
        {
           selectedItem = value;
           RaisePropertyChanged("SelectedItem");
        }
    }
}

You can download the sample here.

Bind button command to view model

You can load a button for the columns in treegrid using TreeGridTemplateColumn. When loading the buttons, you can bind a command in ViewModel using ElementName binding.

In the following example, ViewModel command receives the underlying data object as command parameter, since the DataContext is bound as command parameter.

<syncfusion:TreeGridTemplateColumn MappingName="Title" syncfusion:FocusManagerHelper.WantsKeyInput="True">
       <syncfusion:TreeGridTemplateColumn.CellTemplate>
           <DataTemplate>
               <Button  Content="Click" syncfusion:FocusManagerHelper.FocusedElement="True" 
                                        Command="{Binding Path=DataContext.RowDataCommand,ElementName=treeGrid}" CommandParameter="{Binding}"/>
           </DataTemplate>
       </syncfusion:TreeGridTemplateColumn.CellTemplate>
</syncfusion:TreeGridTemplateColumn>

Button command image

You can download the sample here.

Bind combobox column ItemsSource from view model

You can bind the ItemsSource from ViewModel to TreeGridComboBoxColumn or using ElementName binding.

<syncfusion:TreeGridComboBoxColumn AllowEditing="True" 
                                   MappingName="Title"
                                   HeaderText="Title"
                                   ItemsSource="{Binding DataContext.TitleList,
                                                                     ElementName=treeGrid}" />
private ObservableCollection<string> titleList;
public ObservableCollection<string> TitleList
{
     get { return titleList; }
     set { titleList = value; }
}

ComboBox column image

You can download the sample here.

Bind view model ItemsSource to ComboBox inside template

You can load a ComboBox inside TreeGridTemplateColumn and bind the ItemsSource from ViewModel to ComboBox using ElementName binding.

<syncfusion:TreeGridTemplateColumn MappingName="Title" syncfusion:FocusManagerHelper.WantsKeyInput="True">
         <syncfusion:TreeGridTemplateColumn.CellTemplate>
            <DataTemplate>
                            <TextBlock Text="{Binding Title}"/>
            </DataTemplate>
         </syncfusion:TreeGridTemplateColumn.CellTemplate>
         <syncfusion:TreeGridTemplateColumn.EditTemplate>
         DataTemplate>
        <ComboBox ItemsSource="{Binding Path=DataContext.TitleList, ElementName=treeGrid}" />
        </DataTemplate>
                    </syncfusion:TreeGridTemplateColumn.EditTemplate>
 </syncfusion:TreeGridTemplateColumn>

ComboBox image in template

You can download the sample here.

Bind columns from view model

You can bind the SfTreeGrid.Columns property in ViewModel by having the binding property of Syncfusion.SfGrid.UI.Xaml.TreeGrid.Columns type. Thus, you can set binding to the SfTreeGrid.Columns property that provides DataContext of treegrid in ViewModel.

<syncfusion:SfTreeGrid Name="treeGrid" 
                               Grid.Row="1" 
                               ChildPropertyName="ReportsTo"  
                               AutoExpandMode="AllNodesExpanded"
                               ShowRowHeader="True" 
                              Columns="{Binding SfGridColumns, Mode=TwoWay}"
                               AutoGenerateColumns="False"
                               ItemsSource="{Binding Employees}"
                               ParentPropertyName="ID"
                               SelfRelationRootValue="-1">
         
</syncfusion:SfTreeGrid>

Refer to the following code example in which the treegrid column is populated with some TreeGridTextColumn when creating the ViewModel instance.

public class ViewModel: NotificationObject
    {
        #region Private Variables
        private ObservableCollection<EmployeeInfo> _employees;
      
        #endregion

        #region ctr

        public ViewModel()
        {
            this.Employees = GetEmployeesDetails();
            rowDataCommand = new RelayCommand(ChangeCanExecute);
            this.sfGridColumns = new TreeGridColumns();
            sfGridColumns.Add(new TreeGridTextColumn() { MappingName = "FirstName" });
            sfGridColumns.Add(new TreeGridTextColumn() { MappingName = "LastName" });
            sfGridColumns.Add(new TreeGridTextColumn() { MappingName = "Title" });
            sfGridColumns.Add(new TreeGridTextColumn() { MappingName = "Salary" });
        }

        
        }
        #endregion
    }

You can download the sample here.