Create, read, and edit Excel files in WPF

22 Dec 202224 minutes to read

Syncfusion Excel library for WPF platform can be used to create, read, edit Excel files. This also convert Excel files to PDF.

Create a simple Excel report

The below steps illustrates creating a simple Invoice formatted Excel document in WPF.

  1. Create a new C# WPF Application project.

Create WPF application in Visual Studio

  1. Install the Syncfusion.XlsIO.Wpf NuGet package as reference to your .NET Framework applications from NuGet.org.

Add XlsIO reference to the project

  1. Include the following code snippet in Add a new button in MainWindow.xaml file to add a button for the creation of Excel document.

    <Grid>
        <Button Content="Create Excel" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Margin="309,172,0,0" VerticalAlignment="Top" Width="124" Height="46" Click="Button_Click"/>
    </Grid>
  2. Include the following namespaces in MainWindow.xaml.cs file.

    using Syncfusion.XlsIO;
    using System.Drawing;
    using System.IO;
    using System.Windows;
    Imports Syncfusion.XlsIO
    Imports System.Drawing
    Imports System.IO
    Imports System.Windows
  3. Include the following code snippet in btnCreate_Click, the click event of the button to create the Excel document.

    //Create an instance of ExcelEngine
    using (ExcelEngine excelEngine = new ExcelEngine())
    {
      IApplication application = excelEngine.Excel;
      application.DefaultVersion = ExcelVersion.Xlsx;
       
      //Create a workbook
      IWorkbook workbook = application.Workbooks.Create(1);
      IWorksheet worksheet = workbook.Worksheets[0];
       
      //Adding a picture
      FileStream imageStream = new FileStream("AdventureCycles-Logo.png", FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read);
      IPictureShape shape = worksheet.Pictures.AddPicture(1, 1, imageStream, 20, 20);
       
      //Disable gridlines in the worksheet
      worksheet.IsGridLinesVisible = false;
       
      //Enter values to the cells from A3 to A5
      worksheet.Range["A3"].Text = "46036 Michigan Ave";
      worksheet.Range["A4"].Text = "Canton, USA";
      worksheet.Range["A5"].Text = "Phone: +1 231-231-2310";
       
      //Make the text bold
      worksheet.Range["A3:A5"].CellStyle.Font.Bold = true;
       
      //Merge cells
      worksheet.Range["D1:E1"].Merge();
       
      //Enter text to the cell D1 and apply formatting.
      worksheet.Range["D1"].Text = "INVOICE";
      worksheet.Range["D1"].CellStyle.Font.Bold = true;
      worksheet.Range["D1"].CellStyle.Font.RGBColor = Color.FromArgb(42, 118, 189);
      worksheet.Range["D1"].CellStyle.Font.Size = 35;
       
      //Apply alignment in the cell D1
      worksheet.Range["D1"].CellStyle.HorizontalAlignment = ExcelHAlign.HAlignRight;
      worksheet.Range["D1"].CellStyle.VerticalAlignment = ExcelVAlign.VAlignTop;
       
      //Enter values to the cells from D5 to E8
      worksheet.Range["D5"].Text = "INVOICE#";
      worksheet.Range["E5"].Text = "DATE";
      worksheet.Range["D6"].Number = 1028;
      worksheet.Range["E6"].Value = "12/31/2018";
      worksheet.Range["D7"].Text = "CUSTOMER ID";
      worksheet.Range["E7"].Text = "TERMS";
      worksheet.Range["D8"].Number = 564;
      worksheet.Range["E8"].Text = "Due Upon Receipt";
       
      //Apply RGB backcolor to the cells from D5 to E8
      worksheet.Range["D5:E5"].CellStyle.Color = Color.FromArgb(42, 118, 189);
      worksheet.Range["D7:E7"].CellStyle.Color = Color.FromArgb(42, 118, 189);
       
      //Apply known colors to the text in cells D5 to E8
      worksheet.Range["D5:E5"].CellStyle.Font.Color = ExcelKnownColors.White;
      worksheet.Range["D7:E7"].CellStyle.Font.Color = ExcelKnownColors.White;
       
      //Make the text as bold from D5 to E8
      worksheet.Range["D5:E8"].CellStyle.Font.Bold = true;
       
      //Apply alignment to the cells from D5 to E8
      worksheet.Range["D5:E8"].CellStyle.HorizontalAlignment = ExcelHAlign.HAlignCenter;
      worksheet.Range["D5:E5"].CellStyle.VerticalAlignment = ExcelVAlign.VAlignCenter;
      worksheet.Range["D7:E7"].CellStyle.VerticalAlignment = ExcelVAlign.VAlignCenter;
      worksheet.Range["D6:E6"].CellStyle.VerticalAlignment = ExcelVAlign.VAlignTop;
       
      //Enter value and applying formatting in the cell A7
      worksheet.Range["A7"].Text = "  BILL TO";
      worksheet.Range["A7"].CellStyle.Color = Color.FromArgb(42, 118, 189);
      worksheet.Range["A7"].CellStyle.Font.Bold = true;
      worksheet.Range["A7"].CellStyle.Font.Color = ExcelKnownColors.White;
       
      //Apply alignment
      worksheet.Range["A7"].CellStyle.HorizontalAlignment = ExcelHAlign.HAlignLeft;
      worksheet.Range["A7"].CellStyle.VerticalAlignment = ExcelVAlign.VAlignCenter;
       
      //Enter values in the cells A8 to A12
      worksheet.Range["A8"].Text = "Steyn";
      worksheet.Range["A9"].Text = "Great Lakes Food Market";
      worksheet.Range["A10"].Text = "20 Whitehall Rd";
      worksheet.Range["A11"].Text = "North Muskegon,USA";
      worksheet.Range["A12"].Text = "+1 231-654-0000";
       
      //Create a Hyperlink for e-mail in the cell A13
      IHyperLink hyperlink = worksheet.HyperLinks.Add(worksheet.Range["A13"]);
      hyperlink.Type = ExcelHyperLinkType.Url;
      hyperlink.Address = "Steyn@greatlakes.com";
      hyperlink.ScreenTip = "Send Mail";
       
      //Merge column A and B from row 15 to 22
      worksheet.Range["A15:B15"].Merge();
      worksheet.Range["A16:B16"].Merge();
      worksheet.Range["A17:B17"].Merge();
      worksheet.Range["A18:B18"].Merge();
      worksheet.Range["A19:B19"].Merge();
      worksheet.Range["A20:B20"].Merge();
      worksheet.Range["A21:B21"].Merge();
      worksheet.Range["A22:B22"].Merge();
       
      //Enter details of products and prices
      worksheet.Range["A15"].Text = "  DESCRIPTION";
      worksheet.Range["C15"].Text = "QTY";
      worksheet.Range["D15"].Text = "UNIT PRICE";
      worksheet.Range["E15"].Text = "AMOUNT";
      worksheet.Range["A16"].Text = "Cabrales Cheese";
      worksheet.Range["A17"].Text = "Chocos";
      worksheet.Range["A18"].Text = "Pasta";
      worksheet.Range["A19"].Text = "Cereals";
      worksheet.Range["A20"].Text = "Ice Cream";
      worksheet.Range["C16"].Number = 3;
      worksheet.Range["C17"].Number = 2;
      worksheet.Range["C18"].Number = 1;
      worksheet.Range["C19"].Number = 4;
      worksheet.Range["C20"].Number = 3;
      worksheet.Range["D16"].Number = 21;
      worksheet.Range["D17"].Number = 54;
      worksheet.Range["D18"].Number = 10;
      worksheet.Range["D19"].Number = 20;
      worksheet.Range["D20"].Number = 30;
      worksheet.Range["D23"].Text = "Total";
       
      //Apply number format
      worksheet.Range["D16:E22"].NumberFormat = "$.00";
      worksheet.Range["E23"].NumberFormat = "$.00";
       
      //Apply incremental formula for column Amount by multiplying Qty and UnitPrice
      application.EnableIncrementalFormula = true;
      worksheet.Range["E16:E20"].Formula = "=C16*D16";
       
      //Formula for Sum the total
      worksheet.Range["E23"].Formula = "=SUM(E16:E22)";
       
      //Apply borders
      worksheet.Range["A16:E22"].CellStyle.Borders[ExcelBordersIndex.EdgeTop].LineStyle = ExcelLineStyle.Thin;
      worksheet.Range["A16:E22"].CellStyle.Borders[ExcelBordersIndex.EdgeBottom].LineStyle = ExcelLineStyle.Thin;
      worksheet.Range["A16:E22"].CellStyle.Borders[ExcelBordersIndex.EdgeTop].Color = ExcelKnownColors.Grey_25_percent;
      worksheet.Range["A16:E22"].CellStyle.Borders[ExcelBordersIndex.EdgeBottom].Color = ExcelKnownColors.Grey_25_percent;
      worksheet.Range["A23:E23"].CellStyle.Borders[ExcelBordersIndex.EdgeTop].LineStyle = ExcelLineStyle.Thin;
      worksheet.Range["A23:E23"].CellStyle.Borders[ExcelBordersIndex.EdgeBottom].LineStyle = ExcelLineStyle.Thin;
      worksheet.Range["A23:E23"].CellStyle.Borders[ExcelBordersIndex.EdgeTop].Color = ExcelKnownColors.Black;
      worksheet.Range["A23:E23"].CellStyle.Borders[ExcelBordersIndex.EdgeBottom].Color = ExcelKnownColors.Black;
       
      //Apply font setting for cells with product details
      worksheet.Range["A3:E23"].CellStyle.Font.FontName = "Arial";
      worksheet.Range["A3:E23"].CellStyle.Font.Size = 10;
      worksheet.Range["A15:E15"].CellStyle.Font.Color = ExcelKnownColors.White;
      worksheet.Range["A15:E15"].CellStyle.Font.Bold = true;
      worksheet.Range["D23:E23"].CellStyle.Font.Bold = true;
       
      //Apply cell color
      worksheet.Range["A15:E15"].CellStyle.Color = Color.FromArgb(42, 118, 189);
       
      //Apply alignment to cells with product details
      worksheet.Range["A15"].CellStyle.HorizontalAlignment = ExcelHAlign.HAlignLeft;
      worksheet.Range["C15:C22"].CellStyle.HorizontalAlignment = ExcelHAlign.HAlignCenter;
      worksheet.Range["D15:E15"].CellStyle.HorizontalAlignment = ExcelHAlign.HAlignCenter;
       
      //Apply row height and column width to look good
      worksheet.Range["A1"].ColumnWidth = 36;
      worksheet.Range["B1"].ColumnWidth = 11;
      worksheet.Range["C1"].ColumnWidth = 8;
      worksheet.Range["D1:E1"].ColumnWidth = 18;
      worksheet.Range["A1"].RowHeight = 47;
      worksheet.Range["A2"].RowHeight = 15;
      worksheet.Range["A3:A4"].RowHeight = 15;
      worksheet.Range["A5"].RowHeight = 18;
      worksheet.Range["A6"].RowHeight = 29;
      worksheet.Range["A7"].RowHeight = 18;
      worksheet.Range["A8"].RowHeight = 15;
      worksheet.Range["A9:A14"].RowHeight = 15;
      worksheet.Range["A15:A23"].RowHeight = 18;
       
      //Save the Excel document
      workbook.SaveAs("Output.xlsx");
    }
    'Create an instance of ExcelEngine
    Using excelEngine As ExcelEngine = New ExcelEngine()
      Dim application As IApplication = excelEngine.Excel
      application.DefaultVersion = ExcelVersion.Xlsx
       
      'Create a workbook
      Dim workbook As IWorkbook = application.Workbooks.Create(1)
      Dim worksheet As IWorksheet = workbook.Worksheets(0)
       
      'Adding a picture
      Dim imageStream As FileStream = New FileStream("AdventureCycles-Logo.png", FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read)
      Dim shape As IPictureShape = worksheet.Pictures.AddPicture(1, 1, imageStream, 20, 20)
       
      'Disable gridlines in the worksheet
      worksheet.IsGridLinesVisible = False
       
      'Enter values to the cells from A3 to A5
      worksheet.Range("A3").Text = "46036 Michigan Ave"
      worksheet.Range("A4").Text = "Canton, USA"
      worksheet.Range("A5").Text = "Phone: +1 231-231-2310"
       
      'Make the text bold
      worksheet.Range("A3:A5").CellStyle.Font.Bold = True
       
      'Merge cells
      worksheet.Range("D1:E1").Merge()
       
      'Enter text to the cell D1 and apply formatting.
      worksheet.Range("D1").Text = "INVOICE"
      worksheet.Range("D1").CellStyle.Font.Bold = True
      worksheet.Range("D1").CellStyle.Font.RGBColor = Color.FromArgb(42, 118, 189)
      worksheet.Range("D1").CellStyle.Font.Size = 35
       
      'Apply alignment in the cell D1
      worksheet.Range("D1").CellStyle.HorizontalAlignment = ExcelHAlign.HAlignRight
      worksheet.Range("D1").CellStyle.VerticalAlignment = ExcelVAlign.VAlignTop
       
      'Enter values to the cells from D5 to E8
      worksheet.Range("D5").Text = "INVOICE#"
      worksheet.Range("E5").Text = "DATE"
      worksheet.Range("D6").Number = 1028
      worksheet.Range("E6").Value = "12/31/2018"
      worksheet.Range("D7").Text = "CUSTOMER ID"
      worksheet.Range("E7").Text = "TERMS"
      worksheet.Range("D8").Number = 564
      worksheet.Range("E8").Text = "Due Upon Receipt"
       
      'Apply RGB back color to the cells from D5 to E8
      worksheet.Range("D5:E5").CellStyle.Color = Color.FromArgb(42, 118, 189)
      worksheet.Range("D7:E7").CellStyle.Color = Color.FromArgb(42, 118, 189)
       
      'Apply known colors to the text in cells D5 to E8
      worksheet.Range("D5:E5").CellStyle.Font.Color = ExcelKnownColors.White
      worksheet.Range("D7:E7").CellStyle.Font.Color = ExcelKnownColors.White
       
      'Make the text as bold from D5 to E8
      worksheet.Range("D5:E8").CellStyle.Font.Bold = True
       
      'Apply alignment to the cells from D5 to E8
      worksheet.Range("D5:E8").CellStyle.HorizontalAlignment = ExcelHAlign.HAlignCenter
      worksheet.Range("D5:E5").CellStyle.VerticalAlignment = ExcelVAlign.VAlignCenter
      worksheet.Range("D7:E7").CellStyle.VerticalAlignment = ExcelVAlign.VAlignCenter
      worksheet.Range("D6:E6").CellStyle.VerticalAlignment = ExcelVAlign.VAlignTop
       
      'Enter value and applying formatting in the cell A7
      worksheet.Range("A7").Text = "  BILL TO"
      worksheet.Range("A7").CellStyle.Color = Color.FromArgb(42, 118, 189)
      worksheet.Range("A7").CellStyle.Font.Bold = True
      worksheet.Range("A7").CellStyle.Font.Color = ExcelKnownColors.White
       
      'Apply alignment
      worksheet.Range("A7").CellStyle.HorizontalAlignment = ExcelHAlign.HAlignLeft
      worksheet.Range("A7").CellStyle.VerticalAlignment = ExcelVAlign.VAlignCenter
       
      'Enter values in the cells A8 to A12
      worksheet.Range("A8").Text = "Steyn"
      worksheet.Range("A9").Text = "Great Lakes Food Market"
      worksheet.Range("A10").Text = "20 Whitehall Rd"
      worksheet.Range("A11").Text = "North Muskegon,USA"
      worksheet.Range("A12").Text = "+1 231-654-0000"
       
      'Create a Hyperlink for e-mail in the cell A13
      Dim hyperlink As IHyperLink = worksheet.HyperLinks.Add(worksheet.Range("A13"))
      hyperlink.Type = ExcelHyperLinkType.Url
      hyperlink.Address = "Steyn@greatlakes.com"
      hyperlink.ScreenTip = "Send Mail"
       
      'Merge column A and B from row 15 to 22
      worksheet.Range("A15:B15").Merge()
      worksheet.Range("A16:B16").Merge()
      worksheet.Range("A17:B17").Merge()
      worksheet.Range("A18:B18").Merge()
      worksheet.Range("A19:B19").Merge()
      worksheet.Range("A20:B20").Merge()
      worksheet.Range("A21:B21").Merge()
      worksheet.Range("A22:B22").Merge()
       
      'Enter details of products and prices
      worksheet.Range("A15").Text = "  DESCRIPTION"
      worksheet.Range("C15").Text = "QTY"
      worksheet.Range("D15").Text = "UNIT PRICE"
      worksheet.Range("E15").Text = "AMOUNT"
      worksheet.Range("A16").Text = "Cabrales Cheese"
      worksheet.Range("A17").Text = "Chocos"
      worksheet.Range("A18").Text = "Pasta"
      worksheet.Range("A19").Text = "Cereals"
      worksheet.Range("A20").Text = "Ice Cream"
      worksheet.Range("C16").Number = 3
      worksheet.Range("C17").Number = 2
      worksheet.Range("C18").Number = 1
      worksheet.Range("C19").Number = 4
      worksheet.Range("C20").Number = 3
      worksheet.Range("D16").Number = 21
      worksheet.Range("D17").Number = 54
      worksheet.Range("D18").Number = 10
      worksheet.Range("D19").Number = 20
      worksheet.Range("D20").Number = 30
      worksheet.Range("D23").Text = "Total"
       
      'Apply number format
      worksheet.Range("D16:E22").NumberFormat = "$.00"
      worksheet.Range("E23").NumberFormat = "$.00"
       
      'Apply incremental formula for column Amount by multiplying Qty and UnitPrice
      application.EnableIncrementalFormula = True
      worksheet.Range("E16:E20").Formula = "=C16*D16"
       
      'Formula for Sum the total
      worksheet.Range("E23").Formula = "=SUM(E16:E22)"
       
      'Apply borders
      worksheet.Range("A16:E22").CellStyle.Borders(ExcelBordersIndex.EdgeTop).LineStyle = ExcelLineStyle.Thin
      worksheet.Range("A16:E22").CellStyle.Borders(ExcelBordersIndex.EdgeBottom).LineStyle = ExcelLineStyle.Thin
      worksheet.Range("A16:E22").CellStyle.Borders(ExcelBordersIndex.EdgeTop).Color = ExcelKnownColors.Grey_25_percent
      worksheet.Range("A16:E22").CellStyle.Borders(ExcelBordersIndex.EdgeBottom).Color = ExcelKnownColors.Grey_25_percent
      worksheet.Range("A23:E23").CellStyle.Borders(ExcelBordersIndex.EdgeTop).LineStyle = ExcelLineStyle.Thin
      worksheet.Range("A23:E23").CellStyle.Borders(ExcelBordersIndex.EdgeBottom).LineStyle = ExcelLineStyle.Thin
      worksheet.Range("A23:E23").CellStyle.Borders(ExcelBordersIndex.EdgeTop).Color = ExcelKnownColors.Black
      worksheet.Range("A23:E23").CellStyle.Borders(ExcelBordersIndex.EdgeBottom).Color = ExcelKnownColors.Black
       
      'Apply font setting for cells with product details
      worksheet.Range("A3:E23").CellStyle.Font.FontName = "Arial"
      worksheet.Range("A3:E23").CellStyle.Font.Size = 10
      worksheet.Range("A15:E15").CellStyle.Font.Color = ExcelKnownColors.White
      worksheet.Range("A15:E15").CellStyle.Font.Bold = True
      worksheet.Range("D23:E23").CellStyle.Font.Bold = True
       
      'Apply cell color
      worksheet.Range("A15:E15").CellStyle.Color = Color.FromArgb(42, 118, 189)
       
      'Apply alignment to cells with product details
      worksheet.Range("A15").CellStyle.HorizontalAlignment = ExcelHAlign.HAlignLeft
      worksheet.Range("C15:C22").CellStyle.HorizontalAlignment = ExcelHAlign.HAlignCenter
      worksheet.Range("D15:E15").CellStyle.HorizontalAlignment = ExcelHAlign.HAlignCenter
       
      'Apply row height and column width to look good
      worksheet.Range("A1").ColumnWidth = 36
      worksheet.Range("B1").ColumnWidth = 11
      worksheet.Range("C1").ColumnWidth = 8
      worksheet.Range("D1:E1").ColumnWidth = 18
      worksheet.Range("A1").RowHeight = 47
      worksheet.Range("A2").RowHeight = 15
      worksheet.Range("A3:A4").RowHeight = 15
      worksheet.Range("A5").RowHeight = 18
      worksheet.Range("A6").RowHeight = 29
      worksheet.Range("A7").RowHeight = 18
      worksheet.Range("A8").RowHeight = 15
      worksheet.Range("A9:A14").RowHeight = 15
      worksheet.Range("A15:A23").RowHeight = 18
       
      'Save the Excel document
      workbook.SaveAs("Output.xlsx")
    End Using

A complete working example to create an Excel file in WPF in C# is present on this GitHub page.

By executing the program, you will get the Excel file as below.
Output File

Read and Edit Excel file

The below code snippet illustrates how to read and edit an Excel file in WPF.

//Create an instance of ExcelEngine
using (ExcelEngine excelEngine = new ExcelEngine())
{
  //Instantiate the Excel application object
  IApplication application = excelEngine.Excel;

  //Set the default application version
  application.DefaultVersion = ExcelVersion.Xlsx;

  //Load the existing Excel workbook into IWorkbook
  IWorkbook workbook = application.Workbooks.Open("Sample.xlsx");

  //Get the first worksheet in the workbook into IWorksheet
  IWorksheet worksheet = workbook.Worksheets[0];

  //Assign some text in a cell
  worksheet.Range["A3"].Text = "Hello World";

  //Access a cell value from Excel
  var value = worksheet.Range["A1"].Value;

  //Save the Excel document
  workbook.SaveAs("Output.xlsx");
}
'Create an instance of ExcelEngine
Using excelEngine As ExcelEngine = New ExcelEngine()
  'Instantiate the excel application object
  Dim application As IApplication = excelEngine.Excel

  'Set the default application version
  application.DefaultVersion = ExcelVersion.Excel2016

  'Load the existing Excel workbook into IWorkbook
  Dim workbook As IWorkbook = application.Workbooks.Open("Sample.xlsx")

  'Get the first worksheet in the workbook into IWorksheet
  Dim worksheet As IWorksheet = workbook.Worksheets(0)

  'Assign some text in a cell
  worksheet.Range("A3").Text = "Hello World"

  'Access a cell value from Excel
  Dim value As var = worksheet.Range("A1").Value

  'Save the Excel document
  workbook.SaveAs("Output.xlsx")
End Using

A complete working example of how to read and edit an Excel file in WPF in C# is present on this GitHub page.

NOTE

Starting with v16.2.0.x, if you reference Syncfusion assemblies from trial setup or from the NuGet feed, you also have to add “Syncfusion.Licensing” assembly reference and include a license key in your projects. Please refer to this link to know about registering Syncfusion license key in your applications to use our components. You can also explore our WPF Excel library demo that shows how to create and modify Excel files from C# with just five lines of code.